Dr. Roger Smith, Florida Hospital Nicholson Center
Surgeon, Soldier, Spy - simulation training in different domains
Simulation is used in the development of new products, manufacturing, training, and the support necessary in almost all industries. Dr. Roger Smith has had the opportunity to work in multiple industries using and developing simulation systems. In this keynote presentation he will explore the value of a solid understanding of M&S principles and practices in entering and solving problems in industry, government, entertainment, and healthcare.
Dr. Roger Smith is the Chief Technology Officer for Florida Hospital's Nicholson Center where he is leading a team of researchers in exploring the use of telesurgery and applying simulation devices to surgical education. He was previously the CTO for U.S. Army Simulation, Training and Instrumentation (PEO STRI) and a Research Scientist for Texas A&M University. Prior to that he spent over 15 years developing military and intelligence simulations with a number of defense contractors. He serves as a Graduate Faculty Scholar in Modeling and Simulation at the University of Central Florida and is a Professor of Mathematics and Statistics at the Florida Hospital College of Health Sciences.
He has been a very active member of the simulation profession for over 20 years, publishing over 150 technical and management papers and developing four commercial courses on simulation technologies and applications. He has published five books on technology and management, and has contributed chapters to 10 additional books. Dr. Smith holds a B.S. in Applied Mathematics, M.S. in Statistics, Master’s and Doctorate in Business Administration, and Ph.D. in Computer Science.
Dr. Dylan Schmorrow, Captain, Medical Service Corps, US Navy
Making it Count, Making it Work: Applying Sociocultural Behavioral Research and Engineering
U.S. defense-related R&E has been concentrated in technology solutions focused on monitoring the physical world, since that was critical for success in conventional conflict. Now, the U.S. is expected to engage foreign populations more routinely, at all operational phases, and across a broader range of mission types than ever before. Success requires being able to see change before it happens, by anticipating effects that culture, society, group identity, religion, and ideology have in irregular warfare, violent extremism, nation-state instability, weapons of mass destruction, and cyber threats.
Since 2008, the ASD (RE) Human Social Culture behavior (HSCB) Modeling Program has supported innovative and rigorous applied research, advanced technology development, and prototypes. The HSCB Program invests about a third of its funding in maturing, hardening and validating software and tools for transition and integration to get capability out to the field. HSCB must understand and often tailor technologies to the target architectures, hardware, and software choices of its end users. One of the major challenges across the DoD community is interoperability, including exchange and shared leveraging of data. Thus one of the Program’s thrust areas is centered on methods and systems for effective pre-processing and analysis of data. We also are investing in advancing the state of the practice in hybrid modeling that can support decision making across systems and echelons, a challenge that presents multiple issues associated with interoperability.
The HSCB Program has been a big part of the significant progress made toward building DoD capability for population-centric ISR. However, there is much work to be done. To ensure that R&E investments reflect the U.S. military’s strategic priorities and leading operational challenges, the HSCB Program developed a framework that calls for building warfighter capabilities to Understand sociocultural behavior, Detect relevant sociocultural signals, Forecast through persistent sensing of the environment, and Mitigate with measurable COA grounded in the social and behavioral sciences. The framework and recommendations regarding R&E priorities are presented in the document Sociocultural Behavior Research and Engineering in the Department of Defense Context.
Ultimately, the test of the knowledge products, technologies, and models produced through DoD sociocultural behavior R&E will be how they contribute to development of the future force, giving analysts, warfighters, and leaders more time and opportunity to do what they do best: out-think and out-innovate adversaries by bringing all instruments of power to bear.
Captain Schmorrow is a U.S. Naval Officer in the Navy’s Medical Service Corps and has been appointed by the Navy Surgeon General as the Specialty Leader of the Aerospace Experimental Psychologist Community. He is also an Acquisition Professional in the Naval Acquisition Corps and is currently serving in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense (Research and Engineering) as the Deputy Director for Human Performance, Training and BioSystems with purview over the defense technology areas of human performance, medical, man-machine systems, training, civil engineering, environmental quality, and chemical and biological defense.
Professor Eduard Babulak
Computer Emergency Response Teams and Cyber Security
The current and future dynamic development and innovation in the field of Data Networks and Communications Systems create a platform for the ubiquitous connectivity via Cyberspace anywhere at any time for anyone worldwide. Having hundreds of millions of people all over the planet, connecting to Internet via his/her PC, laptop, or portable mobile device, etc., create opportunities to communicate of kind of information and content which may or may not be always contributing to the betterment of mankind.
Among thousands of different interest groups and social networks in countries worldwide, there are groups that may create, distribute or promote the information that may put state security, national economy and society in danger. In light of recent earthquakes in Japan, Australia and South China, it is important to prepare for the Cyberspace malfunction triggered by the natural disasters worldwide.
Given the current complexity of the Internet and the current Internet and Future Networks infrastructures, in conjunction with the human factor, creates foundation for categories that may trigger malfunction of the Future Networks and ultimately a Cyberspace worldwide. These categories are natural disasters (such as flooding, earthquakes, volcanic explosions), human factors (such as terrorist driven attacks, politically and economically driven attacks, wars), and hardware & software (such as power supply, connectivity, reliability, or malware and spams, configuration, interoperability)
All across the globe, there are many professional groups of experts working together to make sure that the Future Networks and Cyberspace operates and function properly.
The existing Computer Emergency Response Teams (CERTs) operate and cover a specific region on the planet. The regional CERTs coordinate and monitor the Internet in collaboration with the regional network service providers, security vendors, government agencies, as well as the industry associations.
The author will discuss the technological trends in Future Networks Operation, importance of CERTs and Cyber-security as essential part of the Global Cyberspace Infrastructure. Many countries in the Africa and elsewhere do not have access to Internet and necessary resources and strategy to build proper Infrastructure to support their socio-economic growth.
Professor Eduard Babulak is accomplished international scholar, researcher, consultant, educator, professional engineer and polyglot. Professor Babulak is Fellow of the Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce (FRSA), Mentor and Chartered Fellow of British Computer Society (FBCS), Senior Member of ACM, Mentor and Senior Member of IEEE, served as a Chair of the IEEE Vancouver Ethics, Professional and Conference Committee. His academic and engineering work was recognized internationally by the Engineering Council in UK, European Federation of Engineers and credited by the British Columbia and Ontario Society of Professional Engineers in Canada. Professor Babulak research interests are in Cyberspace, Security, Future Networks and Ubiquitous Computing and QoS, E-Commerce, E-Health, IT, MIS, Applied Informatics in Transportation, E-Manufacturing, Human Centric Computing, E-Learning, Automation and Applied Mathematics.
Professor Michelle Addington, Hines Professor of Sustainable Architectural Design
Buildings and Energy: New Priorities, New Directions
From the proliferation of sustainability consultants and green design firms to the sweeping adoption of energy building codes and LEED certification, a wide range of sustainable objectives and methods have entered the profession with the potential to profoundly reshape the practice and products of building design and operation. Committing to a target, adopting an array of best practices, using state-of-the-art evaluation tools, and installing advanced technologies are all aspects that are associated with the sustainable design of buildings, but do they indeed lead to effective results? Energy use by buildings is not only increasing faster than that of any other sector, and but also faster than the rate of construction. Of most concern, however, is that the largest increases are in buildings that adopted many of the accepted sustainable practices. We yearn for well-defined solutions, but perhaps we need to look beyond our normative context for the questions we should be asking instead of coming up with solutions for ill-defined problems. We frame our problems in terms of what we know and how we do things—but what would or could happen if we had the ability to step back and question the very construction of our assumptions? We have at our disposal an unprecedented array of advanced simulation tools, can we use them to ask fundamental questions about how energy phenomena behave and how buildings should be conceptualized?
Michelle Addington, Hines Professor of Sustainable Architectural Design at Yale University, is educated as both an architect and engineer whose teaching and research explore energy systems, advanced materials and new technologies. Building on her dissertation research on the discrete control of boundary layer heat transfer using micro-machines, she has extended her work to defining the strategic relationships between the differing scales of energy phenomena and the possible actions from the domain of building construction. Her articles and chapters on energy, system design, HVAC, lighting and advanced materials have appeared in several journals, books and reference volumes, and she recently co-authored a book titled “Smart Materials and Technologies for the Architecture and Design Professions.” Addington also taught at Harvard University for ten years before coming to Yale in 2006. Her engineering background includes work at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, where she developed structural data for composite materials and designed components for unmanned spacecraft, and she spent a decade at Dupont as a process design and power plant engineer as well as a manufacturing supervisor. In 2009, Architect magazine selected her as one of the country’s top ten faculty in architecture.